YouTube is a free video sharing website. Anyone can upload videos to be viewed by users with internet access. YouTube can also be accessed via and app that is installed on any mobile device. The videos available on YouTube are diverse and can be educational, informative and/or entertaining. Because the tool is so diverse it can be used for personal and professional learning.
Tool for Instruction
Mobile devices are seemingly everywhere and create opportunities for learning to be available at our fingertips. In the learning and development industry, we are seeing traditional e-learning shift and embrace a generation of mobile learning (Phillips, 2016). YouTube makes it easy for instructors to share information with learners via their mobile device or a desktop. As a tool for instruction, trainers can create videos to teach new concepts or to reinforce key learning from instructor led training sessions. Additionally, trainers can use YouTube as part of an assignment where learners create videos to demonstrate their knowledge on a particular topic. The possibilities for using YouTube as a tool for instruction are endless. All one needs is a bit of creativity.
Integrating the Tool
While I’ve used videos for instruction in the past, they have been animated videos and they’ve been accessible via our Learning Management System (LMS). In my organization, I can envision using the YouTube app as a way to provide pre-work to new hires that are getting ready to join the organization. It would be helpful for new hires to learn more about our organization and what we do prior to their first day. We share those videos on day one of new hire today, but if done before new hire starts, we could use that time to discuss and reinforce what they learned in the video. According to Khaddage, Muller and Flintoff (2016) “mobile apps are capable of running on the learner’s mobile device to deliver learning that can offer skills in a hybrid/blended-learning environment, where the main focus is on the required skills regardless of how they are obtained, formally or informally” (p. 22). I could easily integrate videos delivered via the YouTube app into our formal new hire program.
Getting started on YouTube is fairly simple and straight forward. Any video recording equipment can be used to record videos for YouTube. If a professional recording isn’t necessary, a simple video recorded on a cell phone camera would be sufficient. To use in my environment, I would use professional recording equipment to capture the videos and sound. Once recorded, editing software may be required. All that’s really needed beyond this is a YouTube account to begin uploading the videos for users to view. For additional information on how to get started, these resources may be helpful:
Khaddage, F., Müller, W., & Flintoff, K. (2016). Advancing mobile learning in formal and informal settings via mobile app technology: where to from here, and how?. Journal Of Educational Technology & Society, 19(3), 16-26.
Phillips, P. (2016). Send reinforcements. E.Learning Age, 30-31.
Glogster is an app that allows users to create interactive multimedia posters. According to the Glogster, the app serves a multitude of purposes. It can be used to tell a story, make notes in lectures, present projects in meetings, and share experiences. Glogster wouldn’t stand on its own as a learning tool, but can be incorporated into instruction as a way to supplement lessons and learning.
Tool for Instruction
Glogster can be an effective tool for instruction if incorporated into a learning program effectively. Y dAccording to Di Stenfano, Gino, Pisano and Bradley (as cited in Ketter, 2016) “Individuals will learn more effectively when they are given the chance to reflect on and articulate the key lessons learned from experience” (p. 18). Glogster is a great tool for an instructor to use for a reflection exercise. To reinforce learning, an instructor can have their learners create posters on Glogster that highlight key learnings from the day, a particular module or at the end of training program.
Integrating the Tool
Reflection is an important step in the learning process. According to Schwandt (as cited in Foster and Stines, 2011) “Reflective learning process is how information is given meaning and becomes useful knowledge” (p. 13). While I’ve never used Glogster in a training program, I believe I could incorporate it into our programs as part of a reflection exercise. At various points in our new hire program, we conduct group activities where employees use flip chart paper to share knowledge and information. The activity allows learners to reflect on their learning and share it with the larger class. Instead of using the flip chart paper, we could have the learners conduct the exercise in Glogster to share with others.
Glogster is an inexpensive tool that instructors can incorporate into lessons. There is a trial period for the app, but after that there is a nominal feel that the instructor pays for the app. Once they do, they can register up to 200 students. Once the subscription has been paid for, the only thing needed is a mobile device with wifi or cellular capability and a camera. For additional information on using Glogster, review the following sites:
Foster, R. D., & Stines, A. (2011). Experience, thinking and learning: an integrated definition and framework of reflection. Organization Development Journal, 29(2), 9-19.
Ketter, P. (2016). Doing vs. thinking. TD: Talent Development, 70(3), 18.
Poll Everywhere is an app that allows audiences to answer questions real time using a mobile device or a web browers. The app is a great tool for gathering feedback and engaging an audience in a meeting or a training class. I’ve used Poll Everywhere numerous times and have found it as a useful tool to keep learners engaged in the class.
Tool for Instruction
Like Glogster, Poll Everywhere is not a tool that can be used alone for instruction. It can be incorporated into learning programs to check for understanding, gather learner feedback and to reinforce learning. Learning that extends beyond the initial learning event and is consistently reinforced is more likely to be applied over a longer period of time (Barron, 2014). Instructors can build questions into the app and at certain times throughout the lesson, ask learners to pull up the app and answer a poll question. Once the answers are received, the instructor can display the results for everyone in the class. The instructor can then use the results, to reinforce learning or clarify content if they see incorrect answers. This same activity can be done at the end of the day to reinforce key concepts or done first thing in the morning to reinforce something that was taught the prior day.
Incorporating the Tool
Adapting to the needs of the adult learners in critical in my environment. According to Malone (2014) “Learning strategies such as case studies, problem based learning exercises, role-playing, discussion, reflection and self-evaluation are most useful – anything in fact that engages the skills and experience of the adult learner” (p. 12). Poll Everywhere is a tool that I can incorporate into learning programs as a reflection and self-evaluation strategy. By asking poll questions at points throughout my learning programs I am able to provide the learners an opportunity to reflect on their learning to respond to a question. When the results are displayed, they are able to identify if they got the answer right or wrong. If it was incorrect, the trainer needs to spend time clarifying the content. Responses to questions can serve as a formative assessment. The trainer will know immediately whether or not they need to adjust to where the class is.
Getting started on Poll Everywhere is super easy. There is a trial period so a company can try it and see if it meets their wants prior to purchasing it. Poll Everywhere offers a variety of different subscription options depending on the needs of the users. They also have varied pricing depending on whether the subscription is being used by a business or an educational institution. As long as users have a desktop or mobile device they will be able to respond to polls sent through Poll Everywhere. The instructor will need access to a computer with web access and PowerPoint. For more information on getting started with Poll Everywhere, access the following sites:
Barron, A. (2014). Teaching learners to fish. TD: Talent Development, 68(8), 30-33.
Maldne, S. (2014). Characteristics of adult learners. Training & Development, 41(6), 10-13.